The former chief executive of Nuffield Health was paid more than £1.2m in his final year with the charity, its annual accounts show.
David Mobbs, who left the hospital and fitness centre provider at the end of 2015 after 13 years in the role, was paid between £1,250,000 and £1,259,999 in 2015.
One other employee at the charity, who is not named in the annual report and whose identity the charity declined to disclose, was also paid between £770,000 and £779,999 in the same year, the accounts show.
Four other members of the charity's executive board, including KP Doyle, the charity's deputy chief executive and hospital director, left at about the same time as Mobbs because the charity took the opportunity presented by his departure to restructure its senior team, which resulted in it being reduced from 10 to nine people.
A further 35 senior managers also left the charity as part of the reorganisation, the accounts show.
In his introduction to the accounts, Russell Hardy, chair of Nuffield Health, said the reorganisation cost £4m but would save the charity £2m a year.
The accounts show that total payments and employee benefits paid to the executive team were £4.3m in 2015, up from £3.1m in the previous year.
A spokeswoman for the charity declined to confirm the pay packages received by each of the five people who left in 2015.
The accounts confirm that Mobbs was the highest-paid director in 2015 and 2014, when the largest salary is recorded as being between £780,000 and £789,999.
The documents state that Steve Gray, who replaced Mobbs as chief executive in December 2015, was employed on a base salary of £400,000.
A spokeswoman for Nuffield declined to give a breakdown of Mobbs's pay package but said the charity "fulfilled its contractual pay obligations to David when he left the organisation in 2015".
She said: "The figures in the annual report include his basic salary and other contractual obligations he was entitled to when he left the organisation."
The accounts show that 275 Nuffield employees were paid £60,000 or more in 2015, compared with 232 in the previous year.
Hardy was paid £52,750 for his role as chair, up from £48,714 in the previous year.
The charity, which employs more than 12,000 people and has 31 hospitals, 77 gyms and more than 200 corporate fitness and wellbeing centres, recorded a total income of £767.6m and an expenditure of £771.5m in 2015.
The charity's income was £711.1m in 2014 and it spent £708.3m. Its income has gone up by almost £200m from 2011, when it was £576.4m.