A third of local authorities in Scotland still claw back surpluses from voluntary sector contracts, and more than half do not regularly offer three-year funding, according to a survey of local third sector bodies.
A report by the Scottish Council for Voluntary Organisations and Voluntary Action Scotland found that more than half of local authorities do not offer charities increases in their funding in line with inflation.
The report was produced in response to a request by John Swinney, finance minister for the Scottish Government.
It is based on 45 responses from local and national umbrella bodies in Scotland, with representatives in all of the 32 local authority areas.
It found that third sector organisations are represented in partnerships set up to provide public services in 28 of the 32 local authority areas.
"The survey findings show a mixed picture," the report says. "There are some very encouraging signs, such as the near-universal representation of the third sector at community planning top tables. Other findings reflect the prevailing economic climate, such as the widespread pessimism about the future of grant funding."