The charity’s current chief executive, Harpal Kumar, said Professor Markham had been one of the leading advocates of the laws banning smoking in enclosed public spaces and the national bowel cancer screening programme.
Reynolds, who was made a dame, became director-general of the National Trust in 2001 after a stint as director of the women’s unit in the Cabinet Office.
“This award is really a recognition of the fantastic work that National Trust staff and volunteers carry out every day in looking after so many special places,” she said.
CBEsMarjorie Wallace, founder and director of mental health charity Sane, became a CBE. The former investigative journalist set up the charity in 1986 after she wrote a series of articles in The Times on mental health.
Selwyn Dyson Image, the founder of the Emmaus Communities in the UK, was awarded a CBE for services to homeless people.
There were further CBEs for Mark Goldring, chief executive of Voluntary Service Overseas; Dr David Golding, the leading campaigner against world poverty; Timothy Hornsby, chairman of the National Lottery Commission; Rachel Hurst, director of the international network Disability Awareness in Action; Nigel Stourton, former chair of The Orders of St John Care Trust, which looks after more than 3,000 older people; and City philanthropist John Studzinski, chair of Business Action on Homelessness.
Among the 18 OBEs was Dr David Barnardo, chair of the trustees of Barnardo’s between 2002 and 2006, and currently vice-president. He is a great-great nephew of Dr Thomas Barnardo, who founded the charity.
Barnardo was joined by Michele Elliott, founder and director of Kidscape, which aims to protect children from bullying and child abuse and Debbie Scott, chief executive of employment charity Tomorrow’s People.
TV sports presenter and former Arsenal goalkeeper Bob Wilson also received an OBE. He set up the Willow Foundation with his wife in 1998 to help seriously ill people aged 16 to 40. His daughter Anna died from cancer in 1998, aged 31.
MBEsThe 59 MBEs for people working in the charity and voluntary sector included Jean Frost, manager of Rhyl Lifeboat souvenir shop, and Jane Rutter, who works for Oxfam in Marlow, Buckinghamshire.
They were joined by Alun Davies, chair of the National Forum for Organisations of Disabled People, and Robert Key, executive director of the Elton John Aids Foundation UK.