Civil servants in government departments and non-departmental public bodies in England are to be quizzed about their awareness and use of the Compact.
The Commission for the Compact, which is undertaking the online survey, said it was the first comprehensive assessment of understanding of the Compact at government level.
The survey will ask officials how they liaise with the sector, what their knowledge of the Compact codes is and how they involve the sector in the work of their departments.
Baseline figures will be generated and future surveys will take place annually to gauge government performance on the Compact and set an agenda for the commission's work with national public bodies.
Sir Bert Massie, Commissioner for the Compact, said: "This baseline survey will help show us how far the Compact is embedded across government and non-departmental public bodies as well as identify areas where gaps are occurring."
The results from the survey will be published next spring.
A 2008 survey by the commission found that 80 per cent of respondents from six government departments believed the Compact was wholly or partly integrated into their work.