Environment and development groups are disappointed at the lack of progress made in Johannesburg but say that the networking opportunities it offered mean that future campaigns will be better organised and involve more participation from NGOs around the world.
A range of grass-roots sustainability projects involving charities, enlightened governments and public-sector bodies were launched at the summit. These will spread through the new networks, according to green groups, such as WWF and Friends of the Earth. For instance, a community-run sustainable homes initiative in a poor district of Johannesburg has been sharing expertise with a similar project in London.
One of the summit's few commitments was a new target to halve the number of people without access to sanitation by 2015.