Helen Stephenson, director of the Office for Civil Society and Matthew Bowcock, former chair of UK Community Foundations, are among the voluntary sector figures to have been appointed CBE in the Queen's birthday honours.
CBEs also went to Emma Pennery, clinical director at Breast Cancer Care, David Mabey, director of the Wellcome Trust Bloomsbury Centre for Clinical Tropical Medicine, and Kath Mainland, chief executive of the Edinburgh Festival Fringe Society.
Michael Dixon, director of the Natural History Museum, received a knighthood for services to museums. There was an MBE for Stephen Sutton, the 19-year-old who raised more than £4m for the Teenage Cancer Trust. He had been told of the honour before he died from cancer last month.
Stephenson, who was given her award for services to civil society, has been at the Cabinet Office since 2007. She previously worked for the Big Lottery Fund and the Shaftesbury Society, which combined with John Grooms to become Livability in 2007.